“Adhesive dynamics simulations quantitatively predict effects of kindlin-3 deficiency on T-cell homing”
Leukocyte adhesion is important for the proper functioning of the immune system. While leukocyte homing is mediated by adhesion receptors, the activation of these receptors is modulated by intracellular signaling molecules. In Leukocyte Adhesion Deficiency Type 3, the loss of the kindlin-3 prevents the activation of Leukocyte Function-associated Antigen-1 (LFA-1), which leads to a defect in adhesion, causing recurrent infections and bleeding disorders. Here, we use Integrated Signaling Adhesive Dynamics, a computer model of leukocyte rolling and adhesion combined with a simulated intracellular signaling cascade, to predict the response of T cells to depletion of kindlin-3. Our model predicts that cell adhesion is hypersensitive to the amount of kindlin-3 in the cell, while the rolling velocity is independent of kindlin-3 concentration. In addition, our simulation predicted that the time to stop, an important metric of adhesion, would increase with decreasing kindlin-3 expression. These predictions were confirmed experimentally in experiments using Jurkat cells with reduced expression of kindlin-3. These results suggest that Adhesive Dynamics is a versatile tool for quantifying adhesion in the immune response and predicting the effects of engineering cellular components.
Authors: Nicholas R Anderson, Dooyoung Lee, Daniel A Hammer